In the United States, a Social Security Number (SSN) is a 9-digit number issued to citizens, permanent residents and temporary (working) non-residents by the Social Security Administration (SSA). Its primary purpose is to track individuals for taxation purposes; it is not intended to be used for identification purposes.
Per current legislation, SSNs can only be issued to:
- U.S. citizens
- U.S. Permanent Resident
- Non-resident who has an employment offer
- F-2 dependents are not eligible for a SSN because they are not permitted to work
- J-2 dependents are eligible for an SSN only if approved for work authorization.
Students and scholars who are not eligible for a SSN may be eligible for a Tax Identification Number (ITIN) to use for filing taxes during tax season reporting.
Additional SSN Information
- Students do not need a SSN to register for classes at USC
- F-1/J-1 students do not need a SSN to get a driver’s license in California.
- J-1 scholars are required to have a SSN to apply for a driver’s license in California
- Students and scholars do not need a SSN to open a bank account
- Landlords and utility, cable and cell phone companies may request a SSN to do a credit history check to determine the amount of deposit they will require to secure housing or to activate services. Students and scholars without a SSN may be required to pay a higher deposit payment prior to receiving service.
The SSA provides more information on SSNs for F-1 and J-1 students.