Optional Practical Training (OPT) is a type of work authorization that permits F-1 students to gain work experience in their field of study while in the United States. OPT is not a visa; rather, it is a type of employment benefit for F-1 students who are maintaining their visa status. In order to be eligible for OPT, students must first apply for an OPT recommendation I-20 from OIS. Upon receiving the I-20, students then mail their documents to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for adjudication. There are three types of OPT:
|Pre-completion OPT||Work experience that is permitted during the student’s academic program (before the student’s program end date that is printed on the I-20).|
|Post-completion OPT||Work experience that occurs after the student’s academic program ends.
Please visit the Post-completion OPT page for additional information.
|STEM OPT Extension||Additional 24-months of work authorization for students who are in an approved period of post-completion OPT and have a degree in one of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) majors on DHS’ STEM Designated Degree Program list.
Please visit the STEM OPT Extension page for additional information.
COVID-19 Updated Guidance on OPT Requirements
For the duration of the COVID-19 emergency, the Student Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) will allow students to work fewer than 20 hours per week and still meet the OPT employment requirements. SEVP did not specify a minimum number of hours at time, only that students should still be working and reporting employment to SEVP as required.
F-1 students on post-completion OPT or STEM OPT Extension must report changes of employer, address, and telephone number to SEVP. Temporary remote work arrangements do not need to be reported to SEVP, however students should document these arrangements for their own records.
- Students on 12-month post-completion OPT must report through the SEVP Portal.
- Students on STEM OPT Extension must follow reporting requirements listed in the STEM OPT Extension Instructions.